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Two Kings Twelve

by Dr. Henry M. Morris

(taken from the Defender's Study Bible)

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2 Kings 12:1 In the seventh year of Jehu Jehoash began to reign; and forty years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Zibiah of Beersheba.

2 Kings 12:2 And Jehoash did that which was right in the sight of the LORD all his days wherein Jehoiada the priest instructed him.

all his days. Joash, or Jehoash, turned out to be a good king, for a while. However, this lasted only as long as Jehoiada, his mentor and adviser lived. See note on 2 Chronicles 24:15. Even during his years of honoring the Lord, he failed to ban the practice of pagan religions in the land (2 Kings 12:3).

2 Kings 12:3 But the high places were not taken away: the people still sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places.

2 Kings 12:4 And Jehoash said to the priests, All the money of the dedicated things that is brought into the house of the LORD, even the money of every one that passeth the account, the money that every man is set at, and all the money that cometh into any man's heart to bring into the house of the LORD,

2 Kings 12:5 Let the priests take it to them, every man of his acquaintance: and let them repair the breaches of the house, wheresoever any breach shall be found.

repair the breaches. King Joash, seeing the disrepair of the temple and realizing that the priests had not fulfilled their responsibility of keeping it up, specified that a certain amount of the offerings of the people should be designated for that purpose. This was not carried out by the priests, however, so he and Jehoiada decided to receive the offerings directly, through a special chest by the altar of sacrifice (2 Kings 12:10). This worked (2 Kings 12:12-13). The people evidently had come to distrust the integrity of the priests and were withholding their money. They were very generous, however, when they knew their designated gifts were being used properly—a salutary example for modern churches and Christian ministries to follow.

2 Kings 12:6 But it was so, that in the three and twentieth year of king Jehoash the priests had not repaired the breaches of the house.

2 Kings 12:7 Then king Jehoash called for Jehoiada the priest, and the other priests, and said unto them, Why repair ye not the breaches of the house? now therefore receive no more money of your acquaintance, but deliver it for the breaches of the house.

2 Kings 12:8 And the priests consented to receive no more money of the people, neither to repair the breaches of the house.

2 Kings 12:9 But Jehoiada the priest took a chest, and bored a hole in the lid of it, and set it beside the altar, on the right side as one cometh into the house of the LORD: and the priests that kept the door put therein all the money that was brought into the house of the LORD.

2 Kings 12:10 And it was so, when they saw that there was much money in the chest, that the king's scribe and the high priest came up, and they put up in bags, and told the money that was found in the house of the LORD.

2 Kings 12:11 And they gave the money, being told, into the hands of them that did the work, that had the oversight of the house of the LORD: and they laid it out to the carpenters and builders, that wrought upon the house of the LORD,

2 Kings 12:12 And to masons, and hewers of stone, and to buy timber and hewed stone to repair the breaches of the house of the LORD, and for all that was laid out for the house to repair it.

2 Kings 12:13 Howbeit there were not made for the house of the LORD bowls of silver, snuffers, basins, trumpets, any vessels of gold, or vessels of silver, of the money that was brought into the house of the LORD:

2 Kings 12:14 But they gave that to the workmen, and repaired therewith the house of the LORD.

2 Kings 12:15 Moreover they reckoned not with the men, into whose hand they delivered the money to be bestowed on workmen: for they dealt faithfully.

2 Kings 12:16 The trespass money and sin money was not brought into the house of the LORD: it was the priests'.

2 Kings 12:17 Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it: and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.

Hazael. The cruel Syrian king Hazael, as well as his predecessor Ben-Hadad, are both mentioned by name in several archaeological inscriptions, mostly of Assyrian origin, and all of them consistent with the Biblical references to these men.

2 Kings 12:18 And Jehoash king of Judah took all the hallowed things that Jehoshaphat, and Jehoram, and Ahaziah, his fathers, kings of Judah, had dedicated, and his own hallowed things, and all the gold that was found in the treasures of the house of the LORD, and in the king's house, and sent it to Hazael king of Syria: and he went away from Jerusalem.

2 Kings 12:19 And the rest of the acts of Joash, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

2 Kings 12:20 And his servants arose, and made a conspiracy, and slew Joash in the house of Millo, which goeth down to Silla.

and slew Joash. The troubles that beset Joash after the death of Jehoiada, as outlined in 2 Kings 12:17-21, were the result of his apostasy once Jehoiada was dead. See the more detailed record in 2 Chronicles 24:15-27.

2 Kings 12:21 For Jozachar the son of Shimeath, and Jehozabad the son of Shomer, his servants, smote him, and he died; and they buried him with his fathers in the city of David: and Amaziah his son reigned in his stead.