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One Chronicles Sixteen

by Dr. Henry M. Morris

(taken from the Defender's Study Bible)

1 Chronicles 16:1 So they brought the ark of God, and set it in the midst of the tent that David had pitched for it: and they offered burnt sacrifices and peace offerings before God.

1 Chronicles 16:2 And when David had made an end of offering the burnt offerings and the peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD.

1 Chronicles 16:3 And he dealt to every one of Israel, both man and woman, to every one a loaf of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine.

1 Chronicles 16:4 And he appointed certain of the Levites to minister before the ark of the LORD, and to record, and to thank and praise the LORD God of Israel:

1 Chronicles 16:5 Asaph the chief, and next to him Zechariah, Jeiel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Mattithiah, and Eliab, and Benaiah, and Obededom: and Jeiel with psalteries and with harps; but Asaph made a sound with cymbals;

1 Chronicles 16:6 Benaiah also and Jahaziel the priests with trumpets continually before the ark of the covenant of God.

1 Chronicles 16:7 Then on that day David delivered first this psalm to thank the LORD into the hand of Asaph and his brethren.

this psalm. Portions of this psalm of thanksgiving have been included in the collections in the Book of Psalms. 1 Chronicles 16:8-22 is repeated in Psalm 105:1-15; 1 Chronicles 16:23-33 is also found in Psalm 96:1-13; and 1 Chronicles 16:34-36 is included in Psalm 106:1, 47-48.

1 Chronicles 16:8 Give thanks unto the LORD, call upon his name, make known his deeds among the people.

1 Chronicles 16:9 Sing unto him, sing psalms unto him, talk ye of all his wondrous works.

1 Chronicles 16:10 Glory ye in his holy name: let the heart of them rejoice that seek the LORD.

1 Chronicles 16:11 Seek the LORD and his strength, seek his face continually.

1 Chronicles 16:12 Remember his marvellous works that he hath done, his wonders, and the judgments of his mouth;

1 Chronicles 16:13 O ye seed of Israel his servant, ye children of Jacob, his chosen ones.

1 Chronicles 16:14 He is the LORD our God; his judgments are in all the earth.

1 Chronicles 16:15 Be ye mindful always of his covenant; the word which he commanded to a thousand generations;

thousand generations. The term “a thousand generations” is not meant as a quantitative summary of the number of years to be covered by the Abrahamic covenant, but rather as poetic hyperbole, corresponding actually to “an everlasting covenant” (1 Chronicles 16:17).

1 Chronicles 16:16 Even of the covenant which he made with Abraham, and of his oath unto Isaac;

1 Chronicles 16:17 And hath confirmed the same to Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant,

everlasting covenant. It was appropriate that, at the institution of the prescribed worship ceremonies at the tabernacle in Jerusalem, David should remind the people that the covenant God had made with Abraham (Genesis 17:7) was “everlasting.” The people seemed to forget it repeatedly, but God has not forgotten.

1 Chronicles 16:18 Saying, Unto thee will I give the land of Canaan, the lot of your inheritance;

1 Chronicles 16:19 When ye were but few, even a few, and strangers in it.

1 Chronicles 16:20 And when they went from nation to nation, and from one kingdom to another people;

1 Chronicles 16:21 He suffered no man to do them wrong: yea, he reproved kings for their sakes,

1 Chronicles 16:22 Saying, Touch not mine anointed, and do my prophets no harm.

Touch not mine anointed. David was probably referring here in particular to God's warning to Abimelech concerning Abraham and Sarah (Genesis 20:7). Abraham was there called a “prophet,” the first time the word was used in the Bible.

1 Chronicles 16:23 Sing unto the LORD, all the earth; show forth from day to day his salvation.

1 Chronicles 16:24 Declare his glory among the heathen; his marvellous works among all nations.

1 Chronicles 16:25 For great is the LORD, and greatly to be praised: he also is to be feared above all gods.

1 Chronicles 16:26 For all the gods of the people are idols: but the LORD made the heavens.

gods of the people. See also Psalm 96:5. The God of the Bible is not merely one among many gods, who are worshiped by pagans as the host of heaven. The one true God—the God of creation—made these heavens, and all their hosts, including the idol “gods,” the fallen angels.

1 Chronicles 16:27 Glory and honour are in his presence; strength and gladness are in his place.

1 Chronicles 16:28 Give unto the LORD, ye kindreds of the people, give unto the LORD glory and strength.

1 Chronicles 16:29 Give unto the LORD the glory due unto his name: bring an offering, and come before him: worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness.

1 Chronicles 16:30 Fear before him, all the earth: the world also shall be stable, that it be not moved.

1 Chronicles 16:31 Let the heavens be glad, and let the earth rejoice: and let men say among the nations, The LORD reigneth.

1 Chronicles 16:32 Let the sea roar, and the fulness thereof: let the fields rejoice, and all that is therein.

1 Chronicles 16:33 Then shall the trees of the wood sing out at the presence of the LORD, because he cometh to judge the earth.

1 Chronicles 16:34 O give thanks unto the LORD; for he is good; for his mercy endureth for ever.

mercy endureth. This is the first of forty-two occurrences in the Old Testament of the wonderful phrase: “His mercy endureth forever.” Note especially Psalm 136.

1 Chronicles 16:35 And say ye, Save us, O God of our salvation, and gather us together, and deliver us from the heathen, that we may give thanks to thy holy name, and glory in thy praise.

1 Chronicles 16:36 Blessed be the LORD God of Israel for ever and ever. And all the people said, Amen, and praised the LORD.

1 Chronicles 16:37 So he left there before the ark of the covenant of the LORD Asaph and his brethren, to minister before the ark continually, as every day's work required:

1 Chronicles 16:38 And Obededom with their brethren, threescore and eight; Obededom also the son of Jeduthun and Hosah to be porters:

1 Chronicles 16:39 And Zadok the priest, and his brethren the priests, before the tabernacle of the LORD in the high place that was at Gibeon,

that was at Gibeon. For a considerable time, the Mosaic tabernacle had been at Gibeon, with Zadok (in the line of Eleazar, Aaron's son) serving as priest. When David built a tabernacle at Jerusalem and brought the ark there, Abiathar (descended from Aaron's other son, Ithamar) officiated as priest there. This double arrangement apparently continued until the Solomonic temple was complete, at which time Zadok and his line were made high priests (1 Kings 2:35).

1 Chronicles 16:40 To offer burnt offerings unto the LORD upon the altar of the burnt offering continually morning and evening, and to do according to all that is written in the law of the LORD, which he commanded Israel;

1 Chronicles 16:41 And with them Heman and Jeduthun, and the rest that were chosen, who were expressed by name, to give thanks to the LORD, because his mercy endureth for ever;

1 Chronicles 16:42 And with them Heman and Jeduthun with trumpets and cymbals for those that should make a sound, and with musical instruments of God. And the sons of Jeduthun were porters.

1 Chronicles 16:43 And all the people departed every man to his house: and David returned to bless his house.