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One Chronicles Twenty Nine

by Dr. Henry M. Morris

(taken from the Defender's Study Bible)

1 Chronicles 29:1 Furthermore David the king said unto all the congregation, Solomon my son, whom alone God hath chosen, is yet young and tender, and the work is great: for the palace is not for man, but for the LORD God.

1 Chronicles 29:2 Now I have prepared with all my might for the house of my God the gold for things to be made of gold, and the silver for things of silver, and the brass for things of brass, the iron for things of iron, and wood for things of wood; onyx stones, and stones to be set, glistering stones, and of divers colours, and all manner of precious stones, and marble stones in abundance.

1 Chronicles 29:3 Moreover, because I have set my affection to the house of my God, I have of mine own proper good, of gold and silver, which I have given to the house of my God, over and above all that I have prepared for the holy house,

1 Chronicles 29:4 Even three thousand talents of gold, of the gold of Ophir, and seven thousand talents of refined silver, to overlay the walls of the houses withal:

three thousand talents. 1 Chronicles 22:14 says that David gave a hundred thousand talents of gold and a thousand thousand talents of silver for the proposed temple. This could represent a copyist error, or more likely, two entirely separate gifts at two different times.

1 Chronicles 29:5 The gold for things of gold, and the silver for things of silver, and for all manner of work to be made by the hands of artificers. And who then is willing to consecrate his service this day unto the LORD?

1 Chronicles 29:6 Then the chief of the fathers and princes of the tribes of Israel, and the captains of thousands and of hundreds, with the rulers of the king's work, offered willingly,

offered willingly. There had been no pressure by David on the people, but his own example of personal generosity, as well as the challenge of the great project itself, was sufficient to persuade them to generous giving. Six times the phrase “offered willingly,” or the equivalent, is used of their response (twice in 1 Chronicles 29:9, once each in 1 Chronicles 29:6 and 14, twice in 1 Chronicles 29:17).

1 Chronicles 29:7 And gave for the service of the house of God of gold five thousand talents and ten thousand drams, and of silver ten thousand talents, and of brass eighteen thousand talents, and one hundred thousand talents of iron.

ten thousand drams. Since the “dram” was actually a Persian coin (the “daric”) not yet in use in David's time, the writer of Chronicles, probably writing after the exile, may have simply used an equivalent monetary term that would be familiar to his readers—not those of David's generation.

1 Chronicles 29:8 And they with whom precious stones were found gave them to the treasure of the house of the LORD, by the hand of Jehiel the Gershonite.

1 Chronicles 29:9 Then the people rejoiced, for that they offered willingly, because with perfect heart they offered willingly to the LORD: and David the king also rejoiced with great joy.

1 Chronicles 29:10 Wherefore David blessed the LORD before all the congregation: and David said, Blessed be thou, LORD God of Israel our father, for ever and ever.

1 Chronicles 29:11 Thine, O LORD, is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty: for all that is in the heaven and in the earth is thine; thine is the kingdom, O LORD, and thou art exalted as head above all.

is thine. David's concept of God was infinitely removed from that of the pagan world in which he lived. He recognized God as omnipotent Creator and Sovereign of all things. Compare this praise to the heavenly doxologies in the age yet to come (Revelation 4:11; 15:3; etc.).

1 Chronicles 29:12 Both riches and honour come of thee, and thou reignest over all; and in thine hand is power and might; and in thine hand it is to make great, and to give strength unto all.

1 Chronicles 29:13 Now therefore, our God, we thank thee, and praise thy glorious name.

1 Chronicles 29:14 But who am I, and what is my people, that we should be able to offer so willingly after this sort? for all things come of thee, and of thine own have we given thee.

1 Chronicles 29:15 For we are strangers before thee, and sojourners, as were all our fathers: our days on the earth are as a shadow, and there is none abiding.

sojourners. All of God's true people, whether ancient Israelites, or latter-day Christians, need to recognize that they are “strangers and pilgrims on the earth” (Hebrews 11:13; 1 Peter 2:11), since our “conversation [or 'citizenship'] is in heaven” (Philippians 3:20).

1 Chronicles 29:16 O LORD our God, all this store that we have prepared to build thee an house for thine holy name cometh of thine hand, and is all thine own.

1 Chronicles 29:17 I know also, my God, that thou triest the heart, and hast pleasure in uprightness. As for me, in the uprightness of mine heart I have willingly offered all these things: and now have I seen with joy thy people, which are present here, to offer willingly unto thee.

1 Chronicles 29:18 O LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel, our fathers, keep this for ever in the imagination of the thoughts of the heart of thy people, and prepare their heart unto thee:

1 Chronicles 29:19 And give unto Solomon my son a perfect heart, to keep thy commandments, thy testimonies, and thy statutes, and to do all these things, and to build the palace, for the which I have made provision.

1 Chronicles 29:20 And David said to all the congregation, Now bless the LORD your God. And all the congregation blessed the LORD God of their fathers, and bowed down their heads, and worshipped the LORD, and the king.

1 Chronicles 29:21 And they sacrificed sacrifices unto the LORD, and offered burnt offerings unto the LORD, on the morrow after that day, even a thousand bullocks, a thousand rams, and a thousand lambs, with their drink offerings, and sacrifices in abundance for all Israel:

1 Chronicles 29:22 And did eat and drink before the LORD on that day with great gladness. And they made Solomon the son of David king the second time, and anointed him unto the LORD to be the chief governor, and Zadok to be priest.

the second time. David had made Solomon co-regent of the nation two years earlier (1 Chronicles 23:1; 1 Kings 1:39).

1 Chronicles 29:23 Then Solomon sat on the throne of the LORD as king instead of David his father, and prospered; and all Israel obeyed him.

1 Chronicles 29:24 And all the princes, and the mighty men, and all the sons likewise of king David, submitted themselves unto Solomon the king.

1 Chronicles 29:25 And the LORD magnified Solomon exceedingly in the sight of all Israel, and bestowed upon him such royal majesty as had not been on any king before him in Israel.

1 Chronicles 29:26 Thus David the son of Jesse reigned over all Israel.

1 Chronicles 29:27 And the time that he reigned over Israel was forty years; seven years reigned he in Hebron, and thirty and three years reigned he in Jerusalem.

1 Chronicles 29:28 And he died in a good old age, full of days, riches, and honour: and Solomon his son reigned in his stead.

1 Chronicles 29:29 Now the acts of David the king, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of Samuel the seer, and in the book of Nathan the prophet, and in the book of Gad the seer,

they are written. The author of 1 Chronicles (presumably Ezra), drew on earlier writings for his histories. This, however, while indicating historical authenticity, in no way minimizes the fact that what he finally wrote down had been “God-breathed” (2 Timothy 3:16).

book of Samuel the seer. The “book of Samuel the seer” undoubtedly means 1 and 2 Samuel. However, the books of Nathan and Gad have been lost. Other ancient books mentioned in the Old Testament include the book of Jasher (Joshua 10:13; 2 Samuel 1:18); the book of the acts of Solomon (1 Kings 11:41); the book of the Chronicles of the kings of Judah (1 Kings 14:29); etc.); the prophecy of Ahijah the Shilonite and the visions of Iddo the Seer (2 Chronicles 9:29); the book of Shemaiah the Prophet (2 Chronicles 12:15); the story of the book of the kings (2 Chronicles 24:27); the book of Jehu (2 Chronicles 20:34); and the book of the wars of the Lord” (Numbers 21:14). Probably none of these were divinely inspired, as our present canonical books, but the portions incorporated by Ezra or others in their own inspired writings were so used by inspiration.

1 Chronicles 29:30 With all his reign and his might, and the times that went over him, and over Israel, and over all the kingdoms of the countries.