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Two Chronicles Ten

by Dr. Henry M. Morris

(taken from the Defender's Study Bible)

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2 Chronicles 10:1 And Rehoboam went to Shechem: for to Shechem were all Israel come to make him king.

And Rehoboam. 2 Chronicles 10:1-11:4 is essentially identical, except for minor variations in wording, to 1 Kings 12:1-24. Refer also to the footnotes for these verses.

2 Chronicles 10:2 And it came to pass, when Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who was in Egypt, whither he had fled from the presence of Solomon the king, heard it, that Jeroboam returned out of Egypt.

wither he had fled. Jeroboam had earlier led an abortive rebellion against Solomon and forced to flee to Egypt for his life (1 Kings 11:26-40).

2 Chronicles 10:3 And they sent and called him. So Jeroboam and all Israel came and spake to Rehoboam, saying,

2 Chronicles 10:4 Thy father made our yoke grievous: now therefore ease thou somewhat the grievous servitude of thy father, and his heavy yoke that he put upon us, and we will serve thee.

our yoke grievous. Despite his unique God-given wisdom, Solomon had placed a heavy burden of taxes and forced labor on the people (1 Kings 5:13-16; 9:15-23; etc.).

2 Chronicles 10:5 And he said unto them, Come again unto me after three days. And the people departed.

2 Chronicles 10:6 And king Rehoboam took counsel with the old men that had stood before Solomon his father while he yet lived, saying, What counsel give ye me to return answer to this people?

2 Chronicles 10:7 And they spake unto him, saying, If thou be kind to this people, and please them, and speak good words to them, they will be thy servants for ever.

2 Chronicles 10:8 But he forsook the counsel which the old men gave him, and took counsel with the young men that were brought up with him, that stood before him.

2 Chronicles 10:9 And he said unto them, What advice give ye that we may return answer to this people, which have spoken to me, saying, Ease somewhat the yoke that thy father did put upon us?

2 Chronicles 10:10 And the young men that were brought up with him spake unto him, saying, Thus shalt thou answer the people that spake unto thee, saying, Thy father made our yoke heavy, but make thou it somewhat lighter for us; thus shalt thou say unto them, My little finger shall be thicker than my father's loins.

2 Chronicles 10:11 For whereas my father put a heavy yoke upon you, I will put more to your yoke: my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.

scorpions. See note on 1 Kings 12:11.

2 Chronicles 10:12 So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam on the third day, as the king bade, saying, Come again to me on the third day.

2 Chronicles 10:13 And the king answered them roughly; and king Rehoboam forsook the counsel of the old men,

2 Chronicles 10:14 And answered them after the advice of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add thereto: my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.

2 Chronicles 10:15 So the king hearkened not unto the people: for the cause was of God, that the LORD might perform his word, which he spake by the hand of Ahijah the Shilonite to Jeroboam the son of Nebat.

Ahijah the Shilonite. See 1 Kings 11:29-40. Ahijah had deflected Jeroboam's initial rebellion against Solomon by promising him that, because of Solomon's apostasy, God would eventually allow the ten northern tribes of Israel (led by Jeroboam and his Ephraimite compatriots) to rebel successfully against Solomon's successor and to become a separate kingdom under Jeroboam. Rehoboam's foolish choice allowed this division to come to pass, but it was actually of God (2 Chronicles 11:4).

2 Chronicles 10:16 And when all Israel saw that the king would not hearken unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? and we have none inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to your tents, O Israel: and now, David, see to thine own house. So all Israel went to their tents.

2 Chronicles 10:17 But as for the children of Israel that dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them.

2 Chronicles 10:18 Then king Rehoboam sent Hadoram that was over the tribute; and the children of Israel stoned him with stones, that he died. But king Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem.

2 Chronicles 10:19 And Israel rebelled against the house of David unto this day.