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Proverbs Twenty Two

by Dr. Henry M. Morris

(taken from the Defender's Study Bible)

Proverbs 22:1 A good name is rather to be chosen than great riches, and loving favour rather than silver and gold.

Proverbs 22:2 The rich and poor meet together: the LORD is the maker of them all.

Proverbs 22:3 A prudent man foreseeth the evil, and hideth himself: but the simple pass on, and are punished.

prudent man. This is repeated at Proverbs 27:12. A person who is knowledgeable in the Scriptures and also of human events can be forewarned when troubles are imminent and make appropriate preparations. Those who are self-centered and indifferent to important matters will often be carried away.

Proverbs 22:4 By humility and the fear of the LORD are riches, and honour, and life.

Proverbs 22:5 Thorns and snares are in the way of the froward: he that doth keep his soul shall be far from them.

Proverbs 22:6 Train up a child in the way he should go: and when he is old, he will not depart from it.

Train up. Train up” is from a Hebrew word normally translated “dedicate” or “consecrate.” The phrase “in the way he should go” is, literally, “according to his way”—that is, the “way” intended for him by his God-given abilities and interests. Parents should seek to ascertain this in a child's nature, and then dedicate him or her to that sacred cause, that the child when grown may make the optimum contribution to the kingdom of God.

Proverbs 22:7 The rich ruleth over the poor, and the borrower is servant to the lender.

servant to the lender. Therefore, “owe no man anything, but to love one another” (Romans 13:8).

Proverbs 22:8 He that soweth iniquity shall reap vanity: and the rod of his anger shall fail.

Proverbs 22:9 He that hath a bountiful eye shall be blessed; for he giveth of his bread to the poor.

Proverbs 22:10 Cast out the scorner, and contention shall go out; yea, strife and reproach shall cease.

Proverbs 22:11 He that loveth pureness of heart, for the grace of his lips the king shall be his friend.

Proverbs 22:12 The eyes of the LORD preserve knowledge, and he overthroweth the words of the transgressor.

Proverbs 22:13 The slothful man saith, There is a lion without, I shall be slain in the streets.

Proverbs 22:14 The mouth of strange women is a deep pit: he that is abhorred of the LORD shall fall therein.

Proverbs 22:15 Foolishness is bound in the heart of a child; but the rod of correction shall drive it far from him.

heart of a child. Modern theories of child-raising which allow children full freedom of expression when they are not yet wise or experienced enough to make intelligent choices are self-defeating. See on Proverbs 13:24.

Proverbs 22:16 He that oppresseth the poor to increase his riches, and he that giveth to the rich, shall surely come to want.

Proverbs 22:17 Bow down thine ear, and hear the words of the wise, and apply thine heart unto my knowledge.

words of the wise. A new section of Proverbs begins at this verse, extending through Proverbs 24:34. Either written or collected by an individual or group identified simply as “the wise,” the probability is that these were actually part of Solomon's collection, discovered later. As in the first nine chapters, several sections are addressed to “my son” (Proverbs 23:15, 19, 26; 24:13, 21). After all, who would more likely be meant by “the wise” than Solomon himself?

Proverbs 22:18 For it is a pleasant thing if thou keep them within thee; they shall withal be fitted in thy lips.

Proverbs 22:19 That thy trust may be in the LORD, I have made known to thee this day, even to thee.

Proverbs 22:20 Have not I written to thee excellent things in counsels and knowledge,

Proverbs 22:21 That I might make thee know the certainty of the words of truth; that thou mightest answer the words of truth to them that send unto thee?

certainty of the words. Before we can effectively “give an answer” (1 Peter 3:15) as we try to witness to others concerning God, we first must know the certainty of the “Word of truth” ourselves. An “uncertain sound” of a trumpet can hardly prepare others for the battle (1 Corinthians 14:8).

Proverbs 22:22 Rob not the poor, because he is poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate:

Proverbs 22:23 For the LORD will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them.

Proverbs 22:24 Make no friendship with an angry man; and with a furious man thou shalt not go:

Proverbs 22:25 Lest thou learn his ways, and get a snare to thy soul.

Proverbs 22:26 Be not thou one of them that strike hands, or of them that are sureties for debts.

Proverbs 22:27 If thou hast nothing to pay, why should he take away thy bed from under thee?

Proverbs 22:28 Remove not the ancient landmark, which thy fathers have set.

ancient landmark. See also Proverbs 23:10; Deuteronomy 19:14; 27:17. The lands were originally divided by the Lord (Genesis 10:32), when He “set the bounds of the people” (Deuteronomy 32:8). The “earth is the Lord's” (Psalm 24:1), and He can give and transfer the lands according to His will (Acts 17:26). These God-given boundaries should be respected.

thy fathers. There is also an important spiritual application in this verse. The “landmark” may be a spiritual standard, established by our spiritual forefathers, God-honoring and God-blessed. There is always a tendency for each new generation to try to modernize the ways of their fathers and, in view of the universal law of decay, this is more often a mistake.

Proverbs 22:29 Seest thou a man diligent in his business? he shall stand before kings; he shall not stand before mean men.