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Ecclesiastes Seven

by Dr. Henry M. Morris

(taken from the Defender's Study Bible)

Ecclesiastes 7:1 A good name is better than precious ointment; and the day of death than the day of one's birth.

better. If a person so lives that he acquires a good name throughout life (as measured by God's standards, of course), he will be more honored at death than at birth.

Ecclesiastes 7:2 It is better to go to the house of mourning, than to go to the house of feasting: for that is the end of all men; and the living will lay it to his heart.

Ecclesiastes 7:3 Sorrow is better than laughter: for by the sadness of the countenance the heart is made better.

better than laughter. It is significant that Jesus often wept (e.g., John 11:35), but there is no record of laughter or mirth in His demeanor. The same applies to Paul (e.g., Acts 20:19).

Ecclesiastes 7:4 The heart of the wise is in the house of mourning; but the heart of fools is in the house of mirth.

Ecclesiastes 7:5 It is better to hear the rebuke of the wise, than for a man to hear the song of fools.

Ecclesiastes 7:6 For as the crackling of thorns under a pot, so is the laughter of the fool: this also is vanity.

Ecclesiastes 7:7 Surely oppression maketh a wise man mad; and a gift destroyeth the heart.

a wise man mad. The Hebrew word translated “mad” in this verse is usually translated “praise.” The thought here may be that “oppression” imposed upon a truly wise man will actually cause him to praise the Lord. “Yet if any man suffer as a Christian, ... let him glorify God on this behalf” (1 Peter 4:16).

Ecclesiastes 7:8 Better is the end of a thing than the beginning thereof: and the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit.

Ecclesiastes 7:9 Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for anger resteth in the bosom of fools.

Ecclesiastes 7:10 Say not thou, What is the cause that the former days were better than these? for thou dost not inquire wisely concerning this.

Ecclesiastes 7:11 Wisdom is good with an inheritance: and by it there is profit to them that see the sun.

Ecclesiastes 7:12 For wisdom is a defence, and money is a defence: but the excellency of knowledge is, that wisdom giveth life to them that have it.

Ecclesiastes 7:13 Consider the work of God: for who can make that straight, which he hath made crooked?

Ecclesiastes 7:14 In the day of prosperity be joyful, but in the day of adversity consider: God also hath set the one over against the other, to the end that man should find nothing after him.

Ecclesiastes 7:15 All things have I seen in the days of my vanity: there is a just man that perisheth in his righteousness, and there is a wicked man that prolongeth his life in his wickedness.

Ecclesiastes 7:16 Be not righteous over much; neither make thyself over wise: why shouldest thou destroy thyself?

righteous over much. This admonition is not a warning against true righteousness, wherein Christ Himself is our example (1 Peter 2:21), but against self-righteousness or ostentatiousness in one's goodness. Neither is it a warning against true wisdom, but against pride in intellectual achievement.

Ecclesiastes 7:17 Be not over much wicked, neither be thou foolish: why shouldest thou die before thy time?

before thy time. There may be here a suggestion that God has appointed an optimum life span for each person (note Ecclesiastes 3:2). If so, it can be shortened by insistently flouting God's laws.

Ecclesiastes 7:18 It is good that thou shouldest take hold of this; yea, also from this withdraw not thine hand: for he that feareth God shall come forth of them all.

Ecclesiastes 7:19 Wisdom strengtheneth the wise more than ten mighty men which are in the city.

Ecclesiastes 7:20 For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not.

not a just man. Only Jesus lived a sinless life (note also Romans 3:23; James 2:10; etc.). Salvation from sin, therefore, comes only by receiving Him by faith as our sin-bearing Substitute before a holy God (Romans 6:23, etc.).

Ecclesiastes 7:21 Also take no heed unto all words that are spoken; lest thou hear thy servant curse thee:

Ecclesiastes 7:22 For oftentimes also thine own heart knoweth that thou thyself likewise hast cursed others.

Ecclesiastes 7:23 All this have I proved by wisdom: I said, I will be wise; but it was far from me.

Ecclesiastes 7:24 That which is far off, and exceeding deep, who can find it out?

Ecclesiastes 7:25 I applied mine heart to know, and to search, and to seek out wisdom, and the reason of things, and to know the wickedness of folly, even of foolishness and madness:

Ecclesiastes 7:26 And I find more bitter than death the woman, whose heart is snares and nets, and her hands as bands: whoso pleaseth God shall escape from her; but the sinner shall be taken by her.

Ecclesiastes 7:27 Behold, this have I found, saith the preacher, counting one by one, to find out the account:

Ecclesiastes 7:28 Which yet my soul seeketh, but I find not: one man among a thousand have I found; but a woman among all those have I not found.

Ecclesiastes 7:29 Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions.

hath made man upright. God made man in His own image (Genesis 1:27). The fact that there is not a just man on earth is due entirely to the fact that all men, beginning with Adam, have deliberately disobeyed God and gone their own way, seeking many devices to escape from God.