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Hosea Eleven

by Dr. Henry M. Morris

(taken from the Defender's Study Bible)

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Hosea 11:1 When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called my son out of Egypt.

called my son. This verse was appropriated and modified by the Holy Spirit through Matthew, and applied to the child Jesus. When Joseph and Mary fled with Him to Egypt to escape Herod's slaughter of the children, He “was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son” (Matthew 2:15). Israel, as the national “son” of the Father, was thus taken as a type of God's only begotten Son, who was Himself Israel's substitute to endure the wrath of God, thus assuring Israel's ultimate repentance and restoration.

Hosea 11:2 As they called them, so they went from them: they sacrificed unto Baalim, and burned incense to graven images.

Hosea 11:3 I taught Ephraim also to go, taking them by their arms; but they knew not that I healed them.

Hosea 11:4 I drew them with cords of a man, with bands of love: and I was to them as they that take off the yoke on their jaws, and I laid meat unto them.

Hosea 11:5 He shall not return into the land of Egypt, but the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to return.

shall not return. In the context of this chapter, Israel had been once-for-all called “out of Egypt” (Hosea 11:1). Because of their long-continued rebellion against God, however, they were to be cast out of their land—this time into Assyria, rather than Egypt. However, Hosea had said shortly before this (Hosea 8:13) that “they shall return to Egypt.” By this he meant the pagan ways and practices of Egypt, not the actual land of Egypt. See also Hosea 9:3, where it says that “Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat unclean things in Assyria.” The one is metaphorical, the other literal. In Revelation 11:8, once again “the great city” (that is, Jerusalem) is “spiritually ... called Sodom and Egypt.”

Hosea 11:6 And the sword shall abide on his cities, and shall consume his branches, and devour them, because of their own counsels.

Hosea 11:7 And my people are bent to backsliding from me: though they called them to the most High, none at all would exalt him.

Hosea 11:8 How shall I give thee up, Ephraim? how shall I deliver thee, Israel? how shall I make thee as Admah? how shall I set thee as Zeboim? mine heart is turned within me, my repentings are kindled together.

Hosea 11:9 I will not execute the fierceness of mine anger, I will not return to destroy Ephraim: for I am God, and not man; the Holy One in the midst of thee: and I will not enter into the city.

Hosea 11:10 They shall walk after the LORD: he shall roar like a lion: when he shall roar, then the children shall tremble from the west.

Hosea 11:11 They shall tremble as a bird out of Egypt, and as a dove out of the land of Assyria: and I will place them in their houses, saith the LORD.

Hosea 11:12 Ephraim compasseth me about with lies, and the house of Israel with deceit: but Judah yet ruleth with God, and is faithful with the saints.