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Zechariah Two

by Dr. Henry M. Morris

(taken from the Defender's Study Bible)

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Zechariah 2:1 I lifted up mine eyes again, and looked, and behold a man with a measuring line in his hand.

man with a measuring line. The man with the measuring line is the same as “the angel that talked with me” (Zechariah 2:3) and “the Lord” in Zechariah 2:5. As in the first two visions, this is the pre-incarnate Christ.

Zechariah 2:2 Then said I, Whither goest thou? And he said unto me, To measure Jerusalem, to see what is the breadth thereof, and what is the length thereof.

Zechariah 2:3 And, behold, the angel that talked with me went forth, and another angel went out to meet him,

Zechariah 2:4 And said unto him, Run, speak to this young man, saying, Jerusalem shall be inhabited as towns without walls for the multitude of men and cattle therein:

Zechariah 2:5 For I, saith the LORD, will be unto her a wall of fire round about, and will be the glory in the midst of her.

wall of fire. The measuring line was used to measure what Jerusalem would become in the future kingdom age under the Messiah, “inhabited as towns without walls for the multitude of men and cattle therein” (Zechariah 2:4). Jerusalem will no longer need walls, for the shekinah glory will be in her midst, in the person of Christ, and He will be as a “wall of fire” around her. Her enemies will all be gone, as revealed in the second vision.

Zechariah 2:6 Ho, ho, come forth, and flee from the land of the north, saith the LORD: for I have spread you abroad as the four winds of the heaven, saith the LORD.

land of the north. Babylon was east of Jerusalem, but the Assyro/Babylonian/Persian empire—including Syria—had always invaded Judah from the north, and the influence of the entire complex of empires was essentially north of Israel. Although the returned exiles had already departed from Babylon, they needed to abandon completely the beliefs and practices of Babylon and the other pagan nations.

Zechariah 2:7 Deliver thyself, O Zion, that dwellest with the daughter of Babylon.

daughter of Babylon. God's people are urged to come out of Babylon and all her baleful heritage throughout the centuries (compare Genesis 11:9; Jeremiah 50:6; Revelation 18:4; 2 Corinthians 6:14-18). Israel has been spread over the world like “the four winds” (Zechariah 2:6), but still needs to abandon the pagan ways learned from Babel—as do all “the nations” (Zechariah 2:8).

Zechariah 2:8 For thus saith the LORD of hosts; After the glory hath he sent me unto the nations which spoiled you: for he that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye.

apple of his eye. From a Hebrew word used only this once in Scripture, evidently meant here to refer to “the pupil of the eye.”

Zechariah 2:9 For, behold, I will shake mine hand upon them, and they shall be a spoil to their servants: and ye shall know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me.

Zechariah 2:10 Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion: for, lo, I come, and I will dwell in the midst of thee, saith the LORD.

Zechariah 2:11 And many nations shall be joined to the LORD in that day, and shall be my people: and I will dwell in the midst of thee, and thou shalt know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto thee.

my people. Note Zechariah 14:9; Isaiah 2:2-3; Revelation 21:3; etc.

Zechariah 2:12 And the LORD shall inherit Judah his portion in the holy land, and shall choose Jerusalem again.

the holy land. Note that Judah is here called “the holy land,” its only occurrence.

choose Jerusalem again. See note on Zechariah 1:17.

Zechariah 2:13 Be silent, O all flesh, before the LORD: for he is raised up out of his holy habitation.