Numbers Thirty Three

by Dr. Henry M. Morris

(taken from the Defender's Study Bible)

Numbers 33:1 These are the journeys of the children of Israel, which went forth out of the land of Egypt with their armies under the hand of Moses and Aaron.

These are the journeys. Moses here outlines the paths followed by the wilderness wanderings, all the way from Egypt to Moab. Interestingly, forty place names are mentioned, perhaps corresponding to the forty years of wandering.

Numbers 33:2 And Moses wrote their goings out according to their journeys by the commandment of the LORD: and these are their journeys according to their goings out.

Moses wrote. Moses clearly states that here he was the one who wrote about the journey of Israel from Egypt to the promised land—that is, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. The assertion by liberal critics that Moses' generation did not know how to write is universally refuted by both the internal and external evidences.

Numbers 33:3 And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians.

Numbers 33:4 For the Egyptians buried all their firstborn, which the LORD had smitten among them: upon their gods also the LORD executed judgments.

Numbers 33:5 And the children of Israel removed from Rameses, and pitched in Succoth.

Numbers 33:6 And they departed from Succoth, and pitched in Etham, which is in the edge of the wilderness.

Numbers 33:7 And they removed from Etham, and turned again unto Pihahiroth, which is before Baalzephon: and they pitched before Migdol.

Numbers 33:8 And they departed from before Pihahiroth, and passed through the midst of the sea into the wilderness, and went three days' journey in the wilderness of Etham, and pitched in Marah.

Numbers 33:9 And they removed from Marah, and came unto Elim: and in Elim were twelve fountains of water, and threescore and ten palm trees; and they pitched there.

Numbers 33:10 And they removed from Elim, and encamped by the Red sea.

Numbers 33:11 And they removed from the Red sea, and encamped in the wilderness of Sin.

Numbers 33:12 And they took their journey out of the wilderness of Sin, and encamped in Dophkah.

encamped in Dophkah. The encampments at Dophkah and Alush were not mentioned by Moses in his account in Exodus, and the same is true for some others. Conversely, some were mentioned in Exodus which are not included here. Between the two, at least most of the routes are probably included. Some locations have been identified archaeologically, others are still uncertain.

Numbers 33:13 And they departed from Dophkah, and encamped in Alush.

Numbers 33:14 And they removed from Alush, and encamped at Rephidim, where was no water for the people to drink.

Numbers 33:15 And they departed from Rephidim, and pitched in the wilderness of Sinai.

Numbers 33:16 And they removed from the desert of Sinai, and pitched at Kibrothhattaavah.

Numbers 33:17 And they departed from Kibrothhattaavah, and encamped at Hazeroth.

Numbers 33:18 And they departed from Hazeroth, and pitched in Rithmah.

Numbers 33:19 And they departed from Rithmah, and pitched at Rimmonparez.

Numbers 33:20 And they departed from Rimmonparez, and pitched in Libnah.

Numbers 33:21 And they removed from Libnah, and pitched at Rissah.

Numbers 33:22 And they journeyed from Rissah, and pitched in Kehelathah.

Numbers 33:23 And they went from Kehelathah, and pitched in mount Shapher.

Numbers 33:24 And they removed from mount Shapher, and encamped in Haradah.

Numbers 33:25 And they removed from Haradah, and pitched in Makheloth.

Numbers 33:26 And they removed from Makheloth, and encamped at Tahath.

Numbers 33:27 And they departed from Tahath, and pitched at Tarah.

Numbers 33:28 And they removed from Tarah, and pitched in Mithcah.

Numbers 33:29 And they went from Mithcah, and pitched in Hashmonah.

Numbers 33:30 And they departed from Hashmonah, and encamped at Moseroth.

Numbers 33:31 And they departed from Moseroth, and pitched in Benejaakan.

Numbers 33:32 And they removed from Benejaakan, and encamped at Horhagidgad.

Numbers 33:33 And they went from Horhagidgad, and pitched in Jotbathah.

Numbers 33:34 And they removed from Jotbathah, and encamped at Ebronah.

Numbers 33:35 And they departed from Ebronah, and encamped at Eziongaber.

Numbers 33:36 And they removed from Eziongaber, and pitched in the wilderness of Zin, which is Kadesh.

Numbers 33:37 And they removed from Kadesh, and pitched in mount Hor, in the edge of the land of Edom.

Numbers 33:38 And Aaron the priest went up into mount Hor at the commandment of the LORD, and died there, in the fortieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the first day of the fifth month.

died there. Numbers 20:28 tells of the death of Aaron, but only here is his age at death recorded (Numbers 33:39).

Numbers 33:39 And Aaron was an hundred and twenty and three years old when he died in mount Hor.

Numbers 33:40 And king Arad the Canaanite, which dwelt in the south in the land of Canaan, heard of the coming of the children of Israel.

Numbers 33:41 And they departed from mount Hor, and pitched in Zalmonah.

Numbers 33:42 And they departed from Zalmonah, and pitched in Punon.

Numbers 33:43 And they departed from Punon, and pitched in Oboth.

Numbers 33:44 And they departed from Oboth, and pitched in Ijeabarim, in the border of Moab.

Numbers 33:45 And they departed from Iim, and pitched in Dibongad.

Numbers 33:46 And they removed from Dibongad, and encamped in Almondiblathaim.

Numbers 33:47 And they removed from Almondiblathaim, and pitched in the mountains of Abarim, before Nebo.

Numbers 33:48 And they departed from the mountains of Abarim, and pitched in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho.

Numbers 33:49 And they pitched by Jordan, from Bethjesimoth even unto Abelshittim in the plains of Moab.

Numbers 33:50 And the LORD spake unto Moses in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho, saying,

Numbers 33:51 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye are passed over Jordan into the land of Canaan;

Numbers 33:52 Then ye shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you, and destroy all their pictures, and destroy all their molten images, and quite pluck down all their high places:

drive out. God here made it plain once again that He has firmly decided to give “the land of Canaan” to Israel. The Canaanites had lost all rights to the land by their gross wickedness, and the Israelites had been commissioned to “drive out all the inhabitants.” God had created the land, and had the right to give it to whomsoever He would.

pictures. The Hebrew word refers to images carved in relief.

Numbers 33:53 And ye shall dispossess the inhabitants of the land, and dwell therein: for I have given you the land to possess it.

given you the land. This command to drive out the Canaanites was frequently given. See Exodus 23:24; 34:11-13; Leviticus 20:22-24; Deuteronomy 7:1-26; 20:16-18. The order was accompanied by a serious warning that failure to do this would lead to continuing trouble from the Canaanites, a prophetic warning which certainly was terribly fulfilled in later years.

Numbers 33:54 And ye shall divide the land by lot for an inheritance among your families: and to the more ye shall give the more inheritance, and to the fewer ye shall give the less inheritance: every man's inheritance shall be in the place where his lot falleth; according to the tribes of your fathers ye shall inherit.

Numbers 33:55 But if ye will not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you; then it shall come to pass, that those which ye let remain of them shall be pricks in your eyes, and thorns in your sides, and shall vex you in the land wherein ye dwell.

Numbers 33:56 Moreover it shall come to pass, that I shall do unto you, as I thought to do unto them.