Two Samuel Six

by Dr. Henry M. Morris

(taken from the Defender's Study Bible)

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2 Samuel 6:1 Again, David gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.

2 Samuel 6:2 And David arose, and went with all the people that were with him from Baale of Judah, to bring up from thence the ark of God, whose name is called by the name of the LORD of hosts that dwelleth between the cherubims.

the ark of God. Once he had occupied Jerusalem and made it his home and capital, David realized the ark of God's covenant should be there. It had been in the house of Abinadab (1 Samuel 7:1) in Gibeah for many years, all the years that Samuel was judge and Saul was king.

2 Samuel 6:3 And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was in Gibeah: and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drave the new cart.

2 Samuel 6:4 And they brought it out of the house of Abinadab which was at Gibeah, accompanying the ark of God: and Ahio went before the ark.

2 Samuel 6:5 And David and all the house of Israel played before the LORD on all manner of instruments made of fir wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and on timbrels, and on cornets, and on cymbals.

2 Samuel 6:6 And when they came to Nachon's threshingfloor, Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen shook it.

2 Samuel 6:7 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for his error; and there he died by the ark of God.

Uzzah. God had strictly forbidden anyone to touch the ark (see Numbers 4:15), and Uzzah disobeyed God's command, even though his intentions were good. Sincerity of purpose is never an adequate reason for rejecting God's Word.

2 Samuel 6:8 And David was displeased, because the LORD had made a breach upon Uzzah: and he called the name of the place Perezuzzah to this day.

2 Samuel 6:9 And David was afraid of the LORD that day, and said, How shall the ark of the LORD come to me?

2 Samuel 6:10 So David would not remove the ark of the LORD unto him into the city of David: but David carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite.

2 Samuel 6:11 And the ark of the LORD continued in the house of Obededom the Gittite three months: and the LORD blessed Obededom, and all his household.

Obed-edom the Gittite. Obed-edom was a Levite (1 Chronicles 15:18), not from the Philistine city of Gath, but probably from Gath-Rimmon in the territory of Dan (Joshua 21:24).

2 Samuel 6:12 And it was told king David, saying, The LORD hath blessed the house of Obededom, and all that pertaineth unto him, because of the ark of God. So David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obededom into the city of David with gladness.

2 Samuel 6:13 And it was so, that when they that bare the ark of the LORD had gone six paces, he sacrificed oxen and fatlings.

sacrificed oxen and fatlings. There were many priests and Levites that accompanied the ark to Jerusalem. David offered many burnt offerings and peace offerings in the process, no doubt with the priests officiating in the manner prescribed by Moses. If he had tried to assume the priestly role himself, God would no doubt have rebuked him in some way, as Samuel did when Saul tried to usurp the priests' functions (1 Samuel 13:9-14).

2 Samuel 6:14 And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

girded. Michal's sarcastic charge that David had “uncovered himself” (2 Samuel 6:20) while bringing the ark into Jerusalem was an exaggeration intended to show her displeasure at David's display of religious emotion. David had evidently divested himself only of his royal vestments to show humility before the Lord, and Michal resented this. Her judgment of childlessness (2 Samuel 6:23) was appropriate in this context.

2 Samuel 6:15 So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet.

2 Samuel 6:16 And as the ark of the LORD came into the city of David, Michal Saul's daughter looked through a window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before the LORD; and she despised him in her heart.

2 Samuel 6:17 And they brought in the ark of the LORD, and set it in his place, in the midst of the tabernacle that David had pitched for it: and David offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD.

the tabernacle. This tabernacle was intended by David only for temporarily housing the ark. The wilderness tabernacle had been set up in Shiloh, then perhaps later in Nob (Joshua 18:1; 1 Samuel 21:1, 6), but both these cities had been destroyed. At this time, it had been relocated in Gibeon (1 Chronicles 16:39). It was David's desire to build a permanent dwelling place for the ark in Jerusalem.

2 Samuel 6:18 And as soon as David had made an end of offering burnt offerings and peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD of hosts.

2 Samuel 6:19 And he dealt among all the people, even among the whole multitude of Israel, as well to the women as men, to every one a cake of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine. So all the people departed every one to his house.

2 Samuel 6:20 Then David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said, How glorious was the king of Israel to day, who uncovered himself to day in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovereth himself!

2 Samuel 6:21 And David said unto Michal, It was before the LORD, which chose me before thy father, and before all his house, to appoint me ruler over the people of the LORD, over Israel: therefore will I play before the LORD.

2 Samuel 6:22 And I will yet be more vile than thus, and will be base in mine own sight: and of the maidservants which thou hast spoken of, of them shall I be had in honour.

2 Samuel 6:23 Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul had no child unto the day of her death.