Psalm Forty Five

by Dr. Henry M. Morris

(taken from the Defender's Study Bible)

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To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim, for the sons of Korah, Maschil, A Song of loves.

Psalm 45:1 My heart is inditing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue is the pen of a ready writer.

inditing a good matter. This is the last Maschil psalm for the sons of Korah (see superscript). It is a psalm of ultimate triumph following the seemingly unanswered prayers of the martyrs of the previous psalm. The title also calls it “a song of loves,” since the psalm speaks not only of the King's triumph, but also of His Bride. It is clearly a Messianic psalm, describing the ultimate union of the heavenly Bridegroom, the Lord Jesus, with His earthly Bride, the church. The word “inditing” is used only this once in Scripture, and seems to mean “overflowing with.”

Psalm 45:2 Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever.

fairer than the children of men. This psalm “touching the king” (Psalm 45:1) could only be applied to Christ, who is fairer than all other men and with grace always on his lips (Luke 4:22; John 7:46).

Psalm 45:3 Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O most mighty, with thy glory and thy majesty.

O most mighty. After the wedding, the King, who is actually “the Mighty God” (Isaiah 9:6) must triumph over His enemies, and the Bride must be prepared for the victorious wedding supper. The “sword upon thy thigh” will become the “sharp sword” that goes forth “out of His mouth” to “smite the nations” (Revelation 19:15). With a sword no longer on His thigh, it will be replaced by His mighty name, to which every knee must bow. “And He hath ... on His thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS” (Revelation 19:16).

Psalm 45:4 And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness and righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things.

Psalm 45:5 Thine arrows are sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; whereby the people fall under thee.

Psalm 45:6 Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre.

Thy throne, O God. The king is addressed here as “God,” clearly showing that the Messiah (“anointed”—Psalm 45:7) is God Himself, an interpretation confirmed by its quotation in Hebrews 1:8.

Psalm 45:7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.

God, thy God. Psalm 45:6-7 is quoted in Hebrews 1:8-9, thus confirming that the psalm is Messianic and that the Father is here addressing His eternal Son, who is now both God and man—the God/man. A similar conversation between these two persons of the Godhead appears in Psalm 2:7-8, and also in Psalm 110:1-2.

oil of gladness. This same phrase is rendered “oil of joy” in another Messianic passage, Isaiah 61:3. It probably refers to the holy anointing oil (Exodus 30:22-25) ordained by God for the anointing of His priests.

Psalm 45:8 All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.

garments smell of myrrh. His human garments were first “swaddling clothes” (Luke 2:7), but then the Magi brought Him myrrh (Matthew 2:11). On the cross, they “parted His garments” after they had urged “Him to drink wine mingled with myrrh” (Mark 15:23-24). His burial garments were “linen clothes” anointed with “a mixture of myrrh and aloes” (John 19:39-40). When He returns out of the gleaming white walls and gates and palaces of the heavenly city, all His garments will smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia. The myrrh on His wedding garments interjects a brief reminder that His human life, death and burial were essential accomplishments before the great victory could be won over Satan and his hosts.

ivory palaces. These must be the beautiful “mansions” He has prepared for His loved ones (John 14:2).

whereby they have made thee glad. The word “whereby” could be interpreted as “stringed instruments” (Psalm 150:4). Apparently beautiful music accompanies the pleasant aromas associated with the wedding garments and resplendent ivory mansions, all contributing to the gladness of the King and His Bride.

Psalm 45:9 Kings' daughters were among thy honourable women: upon thy right hand did stand the queen in gold of Ophir.

the queen. The Bride has, following the triumph of the King, become His queen. She seems to represent the corporate body of believers, each of whom has left her “father's house” (Psalm 45:10) to follow Christ (Luke 14:26-27). These believers then seem to be the kings' daughters and honorable women who collectively represent the true church.

Psalm 45:10 Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father's house;

Psalm 45:11 So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty: for he is thy Lord; and worship thou him.

he is thy Lord. The psalmist here addresses the bride of the king who represents the people of God. We are to worship Him, for He is our Lord.

Psalm 45:12 And the daughter of Tyre shall be there with a gift; even the rich among the people shall entreat thy favour.

daughter of Tyre. Since Tyre was destroyed long ago, no actual “daughter of Tyre” can be present at the royal wedding. Presumably this “person” represents all the nations who have, with their religions of works, sought unsuccessfully to purchase favor with the King by “a gift.”

Psalm 45:13 The king's daughter is all glorious within: her clothing is of wrought gold.

Psalm 45:14 She shall be brought unto the king in raiment of needlework: the virgins her companions that follow her shall be brought unto thee.

Psalm 45:15 With gladness and rejoicing shall they be brought: they shall enter into the king's palace.

Psalm 45:16 Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children, whom thou mayest make princes in all the earth.

Psalm 45:17 I will make thy name to be remembered in all generations: therefore shall the people praise thee for ever and ever.

in all generations. This promise was recorded perhaps three thousand years ago, yet His name has indeed been remembered in every generation up to this present generation, and will continue to be praised “for ever and ever.”