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Psalm Ninety Nine

by Dr. Henry M. Morris

(taken from the Defender's Study Bible)

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Psalm 99:1 The LORD reigneth; let the people tremble: he sitteth between the cherubims; let the earth be moved.

cherubims. The cherubim are evidently the highest in all the angelic hierarchy. Wherever they are encountered in Scripture, whether symbolically (e.g., Exodus 25:22) or actually (e.g., Ezekiel 10:19), they are seen to be guarding, as it were, the way into the presence of God (e.g., Genesis 3:24). Satan, or Lucifer, was originally the “anointed cherub” (Ezekiel 28:14), but forfeited this position when pride led him to sin against God (Ezekiel 28:16, 17).

Psalm 99:2 The LORD is great in Zion; and he is high above all the people.

great in Zion. In the New Jerusalem, following the last great judgment, “the throne of God and of the Lamb” (Revelation 22:3) will be at the center, “high above all the people.” From this high throne will flow down the “pure river of water of life” to water the earth (Revelation 22:1).

Psalm 99:3 Let them praise thy great and terrible name; for it is holy.

it is holy. The name of God is holy (Psalm 99:3), He is holy (Psalm 99:5), and on His holy hill, He is holy (Psalm 99:9). This thrice-holy God is, indeed, “high and lifted up” (Isaiah 6:1, 3). Note that the cherubim are present (Psalm 99:1), just as the seraphim (Isaiah 6:2).

Psalm 99:4 The king's strength also loveth judgment; thou dost establish equity, thou executest judgment and righteousness in Jacob.

Psalm 99:5 Exalt ye the LORD our God, and worship at his footstool; for he is holy.

Psalm 99:6 Moses and Aaron among his priests, and Samuel among them that call upon his name; they called upon the LORD, and he answered them.

Psalm 99:7 He spake unto them in the cloudy pillar: they kept his testimonies, and the ordinance that he gave them.

Psalm 99:8 Thou answeredst them, O LORD our God: thou wast a God that forgavest them, though thou tookest vengeance of their inventions.

Psalm 99:9 Exalt the LORD our God, and worship at his holy hill; for the LORD our God is holy.