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Ezekiel Thirty

by Dr. Henry M. Morris

(taken from the Defender's Study Bible)

Ezekiel 30:1 The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying,

came again. See note on Ezekiel 29:1. This prophecy was not attached to a date like those before and after it (Ezekiel 29:1, 17; 30:20). Probably it was given shortly after that in Ezekiel 29:1-16, focusing on the many cities and countries both in and near Egypt that were opposing the Babylonian invasion.

Ezekiel 30:2 Son of man, prophesy and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Howl ye, Woe worth the day!

Ezekiel 30:3 For the day is near, even the day of the LORD is near, a cloudy day; it shall be the time of the heathen.

day of the Lord. “The day of the Lord” is the coming time when God will judge and punish the “heathen” (that is, the Gentile nations) for their rebellion against Him and their persecution of His people. Evidently the imminent invasion of the Babylonians (note Ezekiel 30:5), conquering Egypt, as well as Ethiopia, Libya, Lydia and Chub (an unknown nation mentioned only this once in the Bible), is seen as a precursive fulfillment of a greater judgment coming in the battles of the last days.

Ezekiel 30:4 And the sword shall come upon Egypt, and great pain shall be in Ethiopia, when the slain shall fall in Egypt, and they shall take away her multitude, and her foundations shall be broken down.

Ezekiel 30:5 Ethiopia, and Libya, and Lydia, and all the mingled people, and Chub, and the men of the land that is in league, shall fall with them by the sword.

Ezekiel 30:6 Thus saith the LORD; They also that uphold Egypt shall fall; and the pride of her power shall come down: from the tower of Syene shall they fall in it by the sword, saith the Lord GOD.

Ezekiel 30:7 And they shall be desolate in the midst of the countries that are desolate, and her cities shall be in the midst of the cities that are wasted.

Ezekiel 30:8 And they shall know that I am the LORD, when I have set a fire in Egypt, and when all her helpers shall be destroyed.

Ezekiel 30:9 In that day shall messengers go forth from me in ships to make the careless Ethiopians afraid, and great pain shall come upon them, as in the day of Egypt: for, lo, it cometh.

Ezekiel 30:10 Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will also make the multitude of Egypt to cease by the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon.

Ezekiel 30:11 He and his people with him, the terrible of the nations, shall be brought to destroy the land: and they shall draw their swords against Egypt, and fill the land with the slain.

Ezekiel 30:12 And I will make the rivers dry, and sell the land into the hand of the wicked: and I will make the land waste, and all that is therein, by the hand of strangers: I the LORD have spoken it.

the hand of strangers. Egypt, certainly one of the greatest nations of the world historically, has been ruled by various “stranger” nations for over two thousand years, from Persia to Rome, to Arabs, to Britain and others.

Ezekiel 30:13 Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will also destroy the idols, and I will cause their images to cease out of Noph; and there shall be no more a prince of the land of Egypt: and I will put a fear in the land of Egypt.

Noph. Noph is the same as Memphis, the ancient capital of lower Egypt. This prophecy has been completely fulfilled. The great buildings and temples of Memphis, with their giant images, are completely gone.

Ezekiel 30:14 And I will make Pathros desolate, and will set fire in Zoan, and will execute judgments in No.

Pathros. Pathros was the name for Upper Egypt, whose capital and chief metropolis was No, or Thebes. It was greater and more magnificent than even Memphis. It was not, like Memphis, doomed to extinction, but was to be “rent asunder” (Ezekiel 30:16), with all its multitudes “cut off” (Ezekiel 30:15). Today, its remarkable ruins constitute one of Egypt's chief tourist attractions.

Ezekiel 30:15 And I will pour my fury upon Sin, the strength of Egypt; and I will cut off the multitude of No.

Ezekiel 30:16 And I will set fire in Egypt: Sin shall have great pain, and No shall be rent asunder, and Noph shall have distresses daily.

Ezekiel 30:17 The young men of Aven and of Pibeseth shall fall by the sword: and these cities shall go into captivity.

Ezekiel 30:18 At Tehaphnehes also the day shall be darkened, when I shall break there the yokes of Egypt: and the pomp of her strength shall cease in her: as for her, a cloud shall cover her, and her daughters shall go into captivity.

At Tehaphnehes. The last of the cities designated in this prophecy would actually be the first entered by the invading Babylonians, situated near Egypt's northeast corner. Same as Tahpanhes.

Ezekiel 30:19 Thus will I execute judgments in Egypt: and they shall know that I am the LORD.

Ezekiel 30:20 And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the first month, in the seventh day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,

eleventh year. This prophecy was given less than three months after that beginning in Ezekiel 29:1.

Ezekiel 30:21 Son of man, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and, lo, it shall not be bound up to be healed, to put a roller to bind it, to make it strong to hold the sword.

Ezekiel 30:22 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and will break his arms, the strong, and that which was broken; and I will cause the sword to fall out of his hand.

Ezekiel 30:23 And I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and will disperse them through the countries.

Ezekiel 30:24 And I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, and put my sword in his hand: but I will break Pharaoh's arms, and he shall groan before him with the groanings of a deadly wounded man.

Ezekiel 30:25 But I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, and the arms of Pharaoh shall fall down; and they shall know that I am the LORD, when I shall put my sword into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall stretch it out upon the land of Egypt.

Ezekiel 30:26 And I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and disperse them among the countries; and they shall know that I am the LORD.