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Appendix 17: Prophecies Fulfilled at the First Coming of Christ

by Dr. Henry M. Morris:

(taken from the Defender's Study Bible)

There are over 300 prophecies in the Old Testament about the First Coming of Christ, but many of these are repetitious. When the repetitious ones are deleted, we are still left with at least 108 specifically different prophecies—all of which were fulfilled in the birth, life, death and resurrection of Christ.

There are over 300 prophecies in the Old Testament about the First Coming of Christ, but many of these are repetitious. When the repetitious ones are deleted, we are still left with at least 108 specifically different prophecies—all of which were fulfilled in the birth, life, death and resurrection of Christ.

A. The Messiah's Lineage

Old Testament Prophecy Prophecy New Testament Fulfillment
Gen. 9:26 1) From the Shemite Branch of Humanity Luke 3:36
Gen. 12:3 2) Through Abraham Matt. 1:1
Gen. 17:21 3) Through Abraham's son, Isaac Luke 3:34
Gen. 28:14 4) Through Isaac's son, Jacob Luke 3:34
Gen. 49:8 5) Through the tribe of Judah Luke 3:33-34
Isa. 11:1 6) Through the family of Jesse Luke 3:32
Jer. 23:5 7) Through the house of David Luke 3:31-32

B. The Messiah's Birth and Childhood

Old Testament Prophecy Prophecy New Testament Fulfillment
Gen. 49:10 1) Timing of birth. According to the Talmud, in about 7 a.d. the Romans removed the power of the Sanhedrin Council in Judah to pronounce the death penalty—thus the sceptre (power) passed from Judah. Jesus had been born in 4 b.c. during the reign of Herod (Matt. 2:1), so “Shiloh” (a Messianic title) had come shortly before the sceptre departed—just as prophesied. Also, once the Jews were expelled from the land by the Romans, all semblance of national autonomy under Judah was gone.
Micah 5:2 2) Place of birth Matt. 2:1
Isa. 9:6 3) Born in the flesh Luke 2:11
Isa. 7:14 4) Born of a virgin Luke 1:34-35
Isa. 7:14 5) Divine name Matt. 1:21
Ps. 72:10-11 6) Presented with gifts at birth Matt. 2:1-12
Jer. 31:15 7) Infants massacred Matt. 2:16
Hosea 11:1 8) Sojourn in Egypt Matt. 2:14, 15
Isa. 11:1; 53:3* 9) Reside in Nazareth Matt. 2:23
Isa. 53:2 10) Grow up in obscurity and poverty Mark 6:3
Isa. 11:1 11) Spirit-filled and anointed from birth Luke 2:46-47

*Matthew's reference is uncertain. Some believe it is derived from Isaiah 11:1 where the Messiah is referred to as a “neser”—that is, a “branch” of Jesse. For another fascinating possibility, see the second footnote under Zephaniah 1:14.

C. The Messiah's Life and Minstry

Old Testament Prophecy Prophecy New Testament Fulfillment
Isa. 40:3 1) Preceded by a prophet preparing His way Matt. 3:1-3
Isa. 42:1 2) Receive a special anointing by the Holy Spirit Luke 3:22
Gen. 3:15 3) Do battle with Satan Matt. 4:1
Ps. 91:11 4) Receive the ministry of angels Mat. 4:11
Isa. 9:1 5) Ministry centered in Galilee Matt. 4:13
Isa. 42:2 6) Unpretentious ministry John 6:15
Isa. 53:2 7) Power of ministry not based on personal appearance Matt. 7:28-29
Ps. 40:9 8) Preacher Matt. 4:17
Ps. 78:2 9) Teacher in parables Matt. 13:34-35
Deut. 18:15, 18 10) Prophet Matt. 21:11
Isa. 33:22 11) Judge John 5:30
Isa. 11:2 12) Miracle worker John 3:2
Ps. 109:4 13) Man of prayer Luke 18:1
Ps. 22:9-10 14) Man whose reliance and trust is in God John 5:19
Ps. 40:8 15) Man of obedience John 4:34
Isa. 11:2 16) Man of knowledge, wisdom and understanding Matt. 13:54
Isa. 11:2 17) Man of counsel John 3:1, 4
Zech. 9:9 18) Humble in spirit Phil. 2:8
Ps. 145:8 19) Patient 1 Tim. 1:16
Ps. 103:17 20) Loving and merciful John 15:13
Ps. 69:9 21) Zeal for God's house in Jerusalem John 2:14-16
Isa. 61:1-2 22) Proclaim a Jubilee Luke 4:17-21
Isa. 61:1 23) Preach the Gospel to the poor Matt. 11:4-5
Isa. 61:1 24) Comfort the broken hearted Matt. 11:28
Isa. 61:1 25) Proclaim liberty to captives Luke 4:18
Isa. 42:3 26) Minister to broken lives Luke 5:30-31
Isa. 53:5 27) Heal the sick Matt. 8:16-17
Isa. 35:5-6 28) Heal those with special afflictions Matt. 11:4-5
Ps. 69:4 29) Hated without cause John 15:24-25
Ps. 69:7-8 30) Despised and rejected by His own people, the Jews John 1:11
Isa. 29:13 31) Rejected by the Jews due to exaltation of tradition Mark 7:6-8
Ps. 8:2 32) Praised by babes and infants Matt. 21:15-16
Isa. 49:6 33) Offered to the Gentiles John 1:12
Hosea 2:23 34) Accepted by the Gentiles Acts 28:28

D. The Messiah's Nature

Old Testament Prophecy Prophecy New Testament Fulfillment
Mic. 5:2 1) Eternal John 1:1
Isa. 9:6 2) Divine John 10:30
Ps. 8:5 3) Human John 1:14
Ps. 2:7 4) Son of God Matt. 3:17
Dan. 7:13 5) Son of Man Matt. 8:20
Ps. 2:2 6) Christ, the Anointed One Luke 2:10-11
Ps. 110:1 7) Lord John 13:13
Isa. 11:2-3 8) God centered John 17:4
Isa. 5:16 9) Holy Heb. 7:26
Isa. 53:11 10) Righteous Acts 7:52
Ps. 89:1-2 11) Faithful and true witness Rev. 3:14
Isa. 42:1 12) Servant of God Phil. 2:6-7
Ps. 23:1 13) Loving shepherd John 10:11
Isa. 53:7 14) Sacrificial lamb John 1:29
Isa. 53:4-6 15) Sin bearer 1 Pet. 2:24
Isa. 53:10 16) Guilt offering Heb. 9:13-14
Isa. 42:6 17) Embodiment of God's Redemptive Covenant Acts 13:47

E. The Messiah's Death

Old Testament Prophecy Prophecy New Testament Fulfillment
Dan. 9:25-26 1) Timing of death. The prophecy states that the Messiah will die 69 weeks of years (483 yrs.) after the edict is issued to rebuild Jerusalem. The edict was issued by Artaxerxes in 445 b.c., and 483 lunar years later, Jesus was crucified in Jerusalem.
Zech. 9:9 2) Triumphal entry into Jerusalem John 12:12-15
Isa. 53:3, 11 3) Experience profound grief and agony Matt. 26:37-38
Ps. 41:9 4) Betrayal by a friend who would eat with Him Matt. 26:20-21
Zech. 11:12 5) Betrayal for 30 pieces of silver Matt. 26:14-15
Zech. 11:13 6) Disposition of the betrayal money Matt. 27:3, 5-7
Zech. 13:7 7) Forsaken by His disciples Matt. 26:55-56
Ps. 35:11-12 8) Accused by false witnesses Matt. 26:59
Isa. 53:7 9) Silent before His accusers; Matt. 27:14
Isa. 50:6 10) Spat upon Matt. 26:67
Mic. 5:1 11) Stricken Matt. 26:67
Isa. 50:6 12) Scourged Matt. 27:26
Isa. 52:14 13) Face beaten to a pulp Matt. 27:30
Isa. 50:6 14) Beard plucked. There is no specific recorded fulfillment of this prophecy, but it was likely one of the tortures inflicted upon Jesus by the soldiers
Isa. 50:6 15) Humiliated Mark 15:17-19
Ps. 22:15 16) Physical exhaustion Luke 23:26
Ps. 22:16 17) Crucified Luke 23:33
Isa. 53:12 18) Identified with sinners Mark 15:27
Ps. 22:6-8 19) Object of scorn and ridicule Luke 23:35-39
Ps. 22:15 20) Experienced thirst John 19:28
Ps. 69:21 21) Given vinegar to drink Matt. 27:48
Ps. 38:11 22) Friends stand far away Luke 23:49
Ps. 22:17 23) Stared at Luke 23:35
Ps. 22:18 24) Clothing divided among persecutors John 19:23
Ps. 22:18 25) Lots cast for robe John 19:23-24
Amos 8:9 26) Darkness at noon Matt. 27:45
Ps. 22:1 27) A cry of disorientation due to separation from God Matt. 27:46
Ps. 109:4 28) Pray for persecutors Luke 23:34
Ps. 22:31* 29) Cry of victory John 19:30
Ps. 31:5 30) Voluntary release of spirit Luke 23:46
Ps. 34:20 31) No bones broken John 19:32-33
Zech 12:10 32) Pierced in the side John 19:34
Ps. 22:14** 33) Death by a broken heart John 19:34
Isa. 53:9 34) Buried in a rich man's grave Matt. 27:57-60

*The Phrase, “He hath done this,” literally means, “He has finished it.”

**The separation of the blood and water is a sign of a ruptured heart.

F. The Messiah's Resurrection and Ascension

Old Testament Prophecy Prophecy New Testament Fulfillment
Ps. 16:10 1) Resurrection Mark 16:6
Ps. 68:18 2) Ascension Acts 1:9
Ps. 110:1 3) Exaltation at the right hand of God Mark 16:19
Ps. 110:4 4) Serve as a High Priest Heb. 6:20
Ps. 2:1-2 5) Continue to be despised by the nations xTerm 5:19

This listing has been adapted, with minor changes, from Lamplighter (July/August 1990; vol. xi).