One Chronicles One

by Dr. Henry M. Morris

(taken from the Defender's Study Bible)

1 Chronicles 1:1 Adam, Sheth, Enosh,

Adam. The Adam-to-Abraham genealogy listed in 1 Chronicles 1:1-27 at the beginning of 1 Chronicles is the same as that in Genesis 5, but both omit the name of Cainan found in the genealogy of Luke 3:36. Cainan is also found in the Septuagint. It seems likely that the name “Cainan” was accidentally added by some Greek-Septuagint copyist, possibly by careless insertion of the antediluvian Cainan in the post-diluvian chronology (Genesis 5:9-14). The other alternative—that the second “Cainan” was inadvertently omitted by an ancient Hebrew copyist, in both Genesis and 1 Chronicles, seems less likely, both in view of the doctrine of verbal inspiration and also in view of the meticulous copying accuracy of the ancient Hebrew scribes who preserved the Old Testament Scriptures. In either case, a copying mistake seems to have been involved. Nevertheless, it seems probable that the original compiler of the genealogy presented it as a complete record, and all later copyists regarded it as such, including the inspired writer of 1 Chronicles. However, the chronological data included in either the Genesis genealogy or the others has posed a difficulty, since it seems to be much too short to correlate with the generally accepted secular chronology of ancient history, which assumes at least several hundred thousand years for the history of mankind. This fact has led many Christian apologists to propose arbitrary large gaps in the three genealogies of Genesis, 1 Chronicles and Luke. This expedient, however, is without warrant in either the context or the obvious intent of the writers. It seems more consistent with the Biblical doctrine of inerrancy to focus instead on the false assumptions in the evolutionary chronologies developed by secular writers—assumptions centered in naturalism and uniformitarianism.

1 Chronicles 1:2 Kenan, Mahalaleel, Jered,

1 Chronicles 1:3 Henoch, Methuselah, Lamech,

1 Chronicles 1:4 Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

1 Chronicles 1:5 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

1 Chronicles 1:6 And the sons of Gomer; Ashchenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

1 Chronicles 1:7 And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

1 Chronicles 1:8 The sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.

1 Chronicles 1:9 And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabta, and Raamah, and Sabtecha. And the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.

1 Chronicles 1:10 And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be mighty upon the earth.

1 Chronicles 1:11 And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,

1 Chronicles 1:12 And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (of whom came the Philistines,) and Caphthorim.

1 Chronicles 1:13 And Canaan begat Zidon his firstborn, and Heth,

1 Chronicles 1:14 The Jebusite also, and the Amorite, and the Girgashite,

1 Chronicles 1:15 And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite,

1 Chronicles 1:16 And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite.

1 Chronicles 1:17 The sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech.

1 Chronicles 1:18 And Arphaxad begat Shelah, and Shelah begat Eber.

1 Chronicles 1:19 And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of the one was Peleg; because in his days the earth was divided: and his brother's name was Joktan.

1 Chronicles 1:20 And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah,

1 Chronicles 1:21 Hadoram also, and Uzal, and Diklah,

1 Chronicles 1:22 And Ebal, and Abimael, and Sheba,

1 Chronicles 1:23 And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan.

1 Chronicles 1:24 Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah,

1 Chronicles 1:25 Eber, Peleg, Reu,

1 Chronicles 1:26 Serug, Nahor, Terah,

1 Chronicles 1:27 Abram; the same is Abraham.

1 Chronicles 1:28 The sons of Abraham; Isaac, and Ishmael.

1 Chronicles 1:29 These are their generations: The firstborn of Ishmael, Nebaioth; then Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam,

their generations. Ishmael was a son of Abraham, as Esau (1 Chronicles 1:35) was a son of Isaac, yet neither was in the line of the chosen people Israel. The same is true of the sons of Keturah, Abraham's wife in his later years. Yet their descendants are included here along with those of Jacob, essentially copied from the same tabulations in Genesis. In accord with the principle of verbal inspiration, there must be a reason why the writer of 1 Chronicles was led to repeat these records. All of these others are descendants of Abraham, and for later generations of both Jews and Gentiles, repetition emphasizes again the fact that God has abundantly fulfilled His original prophetic promise to make Abraham “a father of many nations” (Genesis 17:5). These offspring—from Ishmael, Keturah and Esau—have their modern descendants in the various Arab peoples and states. It is also noteworthy that, despite the long enmity of Arabs and Israelis toward each other, and the enmity of both toward Christians, the Arabs alone among non-Christian peoples continue to believe in the book of Genesis, in a primeval special creation of the entire universe, and in a personal transcendent Creator God. All other nations since the dispersion at Babel, have followed some form of evolutionary humanistic pantheism as their religion, although some—especially among the animists—do maintain also the tradition of a far-off “unknown God” (Acts 17:23), who was greater than the other gods.

1 Chronicles 1:30 Mishma, and Dumah, Massa, Hadad, and Tema,

1 Chronicles 1:31 Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. These are the sons of Ishmael.

1 Chronicles 1:32 Now the sons of Keturah, Abraham's concubine: she bare Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah. And the sons of Jokshan; Sheba, and Dedan.

1 Chronicles 1:33 And the sons of Midian; Ephah, and Epher, and Henoch, and Abida, and Eldaah. All these are the sons of Keturah.

1 Chronicles 1:34 And Abraham begat Isaac. The sons of Isaac; Esau and Israel.

1 Chronicles 1:35 The sons of Esau; Eliphaz, Reuel, and Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah.

1 Chronicles 1:36 The sons of Eliphaz; Teman, and Omar, Zephi, and Gatam, Kenaz, and Timna, and Amalek.

1 Chronicles 1:37 The sons of Reuel; Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.

1 Chronicles 1:38 And the sons of Seir; Lotan, and Shobal, and Zibeon, and Anah, and Dishon, and Ezar, and Dishan.

sons of Seir. See Genesis 36:20-28. Esau's daughter-in-law, Timna (1 Chronicles 1:35-36) was a daughter of Seir. Thus the descendants of Esau and Seir were related by marriage and, in effect, the Edomites included both tribes. Timna was the mother of Amalek, but it is likely that he had been named after some previous Amalek, who was the real father of the Amalekites.

1 Chronicles 1:39 And the sons of Lotan; Hori, and Homam: and Timna was Lotan's sister.

1 Chronicles 1:40 The sons of Shobal; Alian, and Manahath, and Ebal, Shephi, and Onam. And the sons of Zibeon; Aiah, and Anah.

1 Chronicles 1:41 The sons of Anah; Dishon. And the sons of Dishon; Amram, and Eshban, and Ithran, and Cheran.

1 Chronicles 1:42 The sons of Ezer; Bilhan, and Zavan, and Jakan. The sons of Dishan; Uz, and Aran.

1 Chronicles 1:43 Now these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom before any king reigned over the children of Israel; Bela the son of Beor: and the name of his city was Dinhabah.

1 Chronicles 1:44 And when Bela was dead, Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his stead.

1 Chronicles 1:45 And when Jobab was dead, Husham of the land of the Temanites reigned in his stead.

1 Chronicles 1:46 And when Husham was dead, Hadad the son of Bedad, which smote Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Avith.

1 Chronicles 1:47 And when Hadad was dead, Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his stead.

1 Chronicles 1:48 And when Samlah was dead, Shaul of Rehoboth by the river reigned in his stead.

1 Chronicles 1:49 And when Shaul was dead, Baalhanan the son of Achbor reigned in his stead.

1 Chronicles 1:50 And when Baalhanan was dead, Hadad reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Pai; and his wife's name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab.

1 Chronicles 1:51 Hadad died also. And the dukes of Edom were; duke Timnah, duke Aliah, duke Jetheth,

1 Chronicles 1:52 Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke Pinon,

1 Chronicles 1:53 Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar,

1 Chronicles 1:54 Duke Magdiel, duke Iram. These are the dukes of Edom.