Song of Solomon One

by Dr. Henry M. Morris

(taken from the Defender's Study Bible)

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Song of Solomon 1:1 The song of songs, which is Solomon's.

song of songs. This book is variously identified as “Song of Songs,” “Song of Solomon” or “Canticles” (Latin for “songs”). There is no reason not to accept the traditional authorship of Solomon. The theme, however, has been interpreted in many different ways. The most obvious interpretation is that of a simple love song, telling the story of the love of a Shulamite maiden (Song of Solomon 6:13) and Solomon, appearing alternately as both a shepherd and as the king. The story, however, is probably also a type of the love of Christ (who is also both a shepherd and a king) for His bride, the Church. Similarly, the Jews took it as an allegory of Jehovah and Israel.

Song of Solomon 1:2 Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine.

Song of Solomon 1:3 Because of the savour of thy good ointments thy name is as ointment poured forth, therefore do the virgins love thee.

Song of Solomon 1:4 Draw me, we will run after thee: the king hath brought me into his chambers: we will be glad and rejoice in thee, we will remember thy love more than wine: the upright love thee.

Song of Solomon 1:5 I am black, but comely, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, as the tents of Kedar, as the curtains of Solomon.

black. The bride is dark of skin because of working long in the sun in the family vineyards (Song of Solomon 1:6), so that she looked like a Kedar native (descendant of Ishmael and the desert Arabians). Nevertheless, her beauty had brought her to young Solomon's attention, and they soon fell in love, and Solomon took her as his bride.

daughters of Jerusalem. The “daughters of Jerusalem” were probably the “virgins” (Song of Solomon 1:3), serving as attendants in the royal palace.

Song of Solomon 1:6 Look not upon me, because I am black, because the sun hath looked upon me: my mother's children were angry with me; they made me the keeper of the vineyards; but mine own vineyard have I not kept.

the sun hath looked upon me. The young bride was dark of skin because of long hours in the sun working in the family vineyards. She was almost certainly an Ammonitess named Naamah (2 Chronicles 12:13), as explained in the Introduction. Undoubtedly, however, she had been won to faith in the true God and was not one of the many pagan wives married to Solomon when he was much older.

Song of Solomon 1:7 Tell me, O thou whom my soul loveth, where thou feedest, where thou makest thy flock to rest at noon: for why should I be as one that turneth aside by the flocks of thy companions?

makest thy flock. Solomon, like his father David, seems to have had the heart of a shepherd, and loved to spend time in the fields with his many flocks. It was there he met his chosen bride, and she also had learned to love him. In Song of Solomon 1:2-7, she is searching for him and speaking about him to her companions. This perhaps is a type of a young believer, out of fellowship with Christ, and seeking forgiveness and restoration.

Song of Solomon 1:8 If thou know not, O thou fairest among women, go thy way forth by the footsteps of the flock, and feed thy kids beside the shepherds' tents.

Song of Solomon 1:9 I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh's chariots.

compared. The bridegroom is speaking in Song of Solomon 1:8-10. Comparing the Shulamite to a “company of horses” was a reference to her strength and grace, as well as her beauty.

Song of Solomon 1:10 Thy cheeks are comely with rows of jewels, thy neck with chains of gold.

Song of Solomon 1:11 We will make thee borders of gold with studs of silver.

Song of Solomon 1:12 While the king sitteth at his table, my spikenard sendeth forth the smell thereof.

Song of Solomon 1:13 A bundle of myrrh is my wellbeloved unto me; he shall lie all night betwixt my breasts.

Song of Solomon 1:14 My beloved is unto me as a cluster of camphire in the vineyards of Engedi.

My beloved. The bride calls Solomon “my beloved” thirty-two times in the book. Just so, the Lord Jesus should be the one deeply loved by all His redeemed ones (xTerm 4:19). She is speaking in Song of Solomon 1:12-14, delighting in their union, perhaps their wedding night; then Solomon replies with words of love in Song of Solomon 1:15-17. These verses, like the entire book, are (among other things) a divine testimonial to God's approval on the physical—as well as the emotional and spiritual—aspects of marital love. God created Adam and Eve for each other, and Christ endorsed the lifelong union of husband and wife (Genesis 2:18, 21-24; Matthew 19:3-6). “Marriage is honourable in all, and the bed undefiled” (Hebrews 13:4), “but whoremongers and adulterers God will judge.” In view of the ubiquitous warnings against all types of fornication and extra-marital sex throughout Scripture, there can be no question that Solomon and his bride were united in wedlock before they were united sexually in “our house” (Song of Solomon 1:17). Regrettably, Solomon soon was not content with this first love, evidently consummated very soon after he became king. For political reasons, he also “took Pharaoh's daughter, and brought her into the city of David” (1 Kings 3:1), and then eventually “loved many strange women” (1 Kings 11:1), who turned his heart away not only from his first young bride but from the Lord Himself.

Song of Solomon 1:15 Behold, thou art fair, my love; behold, thou art fair; thou hast doves' eyes.

Song of Solomon 1:16 Behold, thou art fair, my beloved, yea, pleasant: also our bed is green.

Song of Solomon 1:17 The beams of our house are cedar, and our rafters of fir.